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Turkey Travel Wiki

Easy travel guide
Find general travel information, guides and “good to know”. Find the cheapest flights and best hotels offers in one click multi search engine - just click a city and discover the best of the country.

Travel to Turkey

The heart of four different world empires has the perfect opportunity to rest and relax like nowhere else in the world. Even if you forget the fact that this nation exists on two continents, you’ve got plenty of sand, sunshine, and gentle breezes that can help you find a perfect getaway.

What makes Turkey special is the fact that its culture can be the key to unlocking an affordable holiday. Negotiations happen at every turn, so practice your skills before your visit and you could save 10-20% over what others are paying for the exact same thing. You can choose to stay in a major hotel chain if you wish, grab a local flight for a surprisingly affordable price to explore more on day trips, and find gourmet hidden gems that won’t break your budget.

For those who love history, Turkey is the perfect location. Numerous religious sites that date back to the Roman Empire can be visited. Ancient ruins with spectacular views are waiting to be discovered. A hidden beach with a stretch of white sand stands empty of footprints, waiting for your own. Whether you want something metropolitan and modern or rustic and rugged, this country has exactly what you’re looking for as a holiday destination.

If you’re ready to explore Turkey, then here are some of the highlights that can be found in and around each city. Start your plans today and you may just find that this nation will have a very special place in your heart once you take the opportunity to explore it.

Good to know about Turkey

Opening hours in Turkey

During the summer season, and especially in the resort areas, supermarkets, minimarkets and many shops are open daily, often till early evening.
As a general guideline opening days and times are as follows:

Banks: 09.00 – 12.00 and 13.30 – 17.00 Monday to Friday.

Post Offices: (identified by yellow PTT signs) 08.00 – 20.00 Monday to Saturday, and 09.00 – 19.00 on Sundays.

Museums – 09.00 – 17.00 Tuesday to Sunday.

Chemists (eczane) – 09.00-19.00 Monday to Saturday. A duty chemist is appointed on a rota basis to remain open for 24 hours, details of which are posted in any chemist’s front window.

Shops: in the resorts, and particularly during the summer months, bazaars and many tourist shops open daily from around 09.00 till late in the evening, often till 22.00. More regular type shops may close earlier in the evening, and on Sundays.

Supermarkets: Most supermarkets are open daily, and the larger ones are often open till 22.00 during the summer, a few open 24 hours.

When is the best time to visit Turkey

The main season for visitors to Turkey’s western Aegean and Mediterranean coastal resorts is between May to October, when the weather is settled and the days are long and sunny.
Temperatures range from the mid 20°Cs early and late season, to the mid 30°Cs during the peak season of July and August which is also the most popular time to visit when all the activities are in full swing. The sea temperatures are warm and ideal for swimming throughout the summer, and it is not unusual to be able to swim in the sea even in November.

In the coastal resorts we have a selection of properties suitable for occupation in late autumn, winter and early spring where you can discover the changing seasons. Please contact us for further information. There may be an additional charge for heating. The Turkish resorts do quieten down in winter and many facilities available during the summer months may not be available during winter.

Vaccinations for Turkey

No vaccination certificates are compulsory for entry to Turkey. You should always check with your doctor, in good time prior to departure, if there are any inoculations the Department of Health consider necessary or advisable for any specific areas.

Currency in Turkey

New Turkish Lira (YTL) is the official currency in Turkey. “Y” stands for “Yeni” (“New”) in Turkish as the new notes and coins replaced the old currency which was withdrawn from circulation in January 2006. It can be purchased from your bank in advance, in which case we would advise you to order at least two weeks before your departure date. Alternatively you can change money, or travellers cheques once you have arrived in Turkey. It’s easy to change up all major currencies in exchange offices, post offices and hotels. Exchange offices are also located in the arrivals halls at most Turkish aiports.

Local transport in Turkey

Hiring a car is one of the best ways to get out and about, giving you the freedom to explore at your leisure.

Local transport within the towns and resorts consists of dolmus or minibuses (taxis) that run from one point to another and you can hop on and off anywhere along the route and pay according to the distance travelled.

Public Holidays in Turkey

Government offices and banks will be closed on public holidays, but life in the resort areas continues much as usual. Money exchange bureaux and most shops and restaurants open as normal.

Did you know?

Turkey is home to two of the Seven Wonders of the World, the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum)

St Nicholas, popularly known as Santa Claus, was born and lived in Turkey

Noah’s Ark is said to have landed at Mount Ararat in Eastern Turkey

Turkey provides 70% of the world’s hazelnuts

Gave the English language many words including chock-a block, turquoise, yoghurt, kismet, kilim and parchment

Turkey first introduced tulips to Holland and today still supplies tulips worldwide. The tulip is also Turkey’s national flower

Turkey was the first ever land to mind and use coins 2700 years ago by the Lydians

Turkey has the world’s first female Supreme Court Judge, and gave the women the right to vote in 1934

A brief history of Turkey

Historically known as Asia Minor or Anatolia, this vast region reflects a remarkable and fascinating history with settled habitation dating back to the eighth millennium BC. Anatolia has seen virtually every major western civilisation come and go including the Assyrians, Hittities, Phrygians, Urartian, Greeks and Romans. Treasured artefacts, including what is believed to be the first landscape picture ever painted were left behind and are displayed at Ankara’s Museum of Anatolian Civilisations. Many of the museums’ artefacts are the only clues we have to the earliest civilisations.

Some of the finest sites emerged from the Hellenistic period such as the remains of ancient Troy and the ruined settlements of Lycia. The most impressive of them all is ancient Ephesus. It is believed that the Virgin Mary spent her last days in a small house on the edge of Ephesus whilst St John the Evangelist came to look after her. Now a place of Pilgrimage for Roman Catholics, the house has received the official sanction of the Vatican.

In 560 BC the King of Persia, Cyrus, conquered everybody and everything and soon subjected the Aegean cities to his rule. However, 200 years later they were defeated by Alexander the Great. He led the Macedonians eastward across Anatolia as far as India in pursuit of gaining the domination of Asia. Sure enough, he rapidly conquered the entire Middle East, from Greece to India.

Following its conquest by Rome in the 2nd century BC, Asia Minor enjoyed centuries of peace. During the Middle Ages as part of the Byzantine Empire it became a centre of Christianity.

The Great Seljuk Empire, based in Persia, was the first real Turkish state in Anatolia. This empire had a distinctive culture with beautiful architecture and design. The Seljuks Empire quickly declined with Anatolia fragmented into a number of small emirates. The Turks gradually moved in on these states one by one which eventually grew to be the largest empire in recent history, the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans ruled for more than six centuries until 1922. The following year, Asia Minor became the larger part of the Turkish Republic led by Ataturk.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was the main drive behind the development of modern Turkey. The former army officer became Turkey’s first President and steered the country from the wreckage of the Ottoman Empire. Ataturk introduced dramatic reforms that touched upon every aspect of Turkish life. There were many significant changes including replacing the Arabic script with Latin characters. Primary education was made compulsory and religious law was abolished. Women were granted equal rights in matters of custody and inheritance and by 1934 women’s rights had extended to Universal Suffrage.

Ataturk was and still is a national hero- a massive presence in the long history of Turkey. In every town and village you will find reminders of the leader everywhere you turn. As time goes by Ataturk becomes even more of a hero as the country’s people recognize his extraordinary influence in making Turkey what it is today.

Best of Turkey

Turkey is a bridge of cultures and has served as the foundations of empires for over 2,000 years. Istanbul, once Constantinople and Byzantium, is the only city in the world to serve as the capital for 4 major empires and is the only city that is in both Asia and Europe.

That creates numerous opportunities to go exploring with the best of what Turkey offers.

#1. Butterfly Valley

You will find the beaches in Oludeniz are just as beautiful as any of the resort beaches found throughout the country. What you won’t find is the same competition for a little space on that beach. Come here, find a hammock to stretch out in, then sip on your favorite drink in the warm sunshine. The waters are beautiful and support your favorite marine sports as well.

#2. Patara

You’ll find more visitors with a trip to Patara when you are exploring Turkey. You’ll also find more space. This beach is the longest in the country. If you time your visit right, you can sit on one of the beach dunes and witness a simultaneous sunset and moonrise, which is a spectacular sky show you won’t find anywhere else in the world.

#3. Hagia Sophia

If Istanbul is on your itinerary, then make sure to visit this iconic site. The church was built by Justinian in the 6th century. It would eventually be converted into a mosque. Today, it serves as one of the best museums in the world. You’ll find beautiful mosaics within the interior, stunning marble floors, and a journey through the history of this country that is second-to-none.

#4. Mount Nemrut

Sometimes referred to as the Eighth Wonder of the World, this historic site is situated along the ancient Arsameia Road. You’ll find various large statutes at this site, including two eagles, two lions, and representations of various Persian and Greek gods. You’ll need to climbe to the summit, at 2,134m, to enjoy this 1st century BC site.

#5. Ephesus

Once an active center for trade in the ancient world, the ruins of Ephesus are located on the Ionian coast just outside the city of Selcuk. The Temple of Artemis was found here, and you can still visit the stunning Library of Celsus. You can view many of the artifacts recovered from this city at the local museums. Don’t forget to see the views from the Great Theater, an amphitheater which could seat 25,000 people.

#6. The Grand Bazaar

Every city in Turkey offers a bazaar worth visiting during your stay here. The Grand Bazaar, however, is an experience that you’ll never forget. Everything you could ever need or want is found at this market. From rugs to tea to jewelry, your job is simple: to haggle for the best price possible.

The best of Turkey offers plenty of outdoor adventures. There are numerous landmarks to see, beaches to explore, and natural wonders to experience. If the East and the West can come together here, then you can discover something beautiful about yourself here as well.

City Guides

Click on a city for more information about the city, maps, tourist information, tours and what to see and do in the city.


Adana Travel Wiki Travel to Adana Adana, which lies in southern Turkey, is one of the most agriculturally rich cities within the entire country. The city itself has had many names throughout history and there is much in myth and legend surrounding the founding of the city. Some even feel that this is the city called “Coa” where King Solomon purchased his horses, which is documented in the Bible. Homer, however, calls the city Adana in his great work the “Iliad,” and...


Adrasan Travel Wiki Travel to Adrasan Adrasan is one of these small Turkish cities that gets an unstoppable inflow of tourist mainly coming to enjoy the wonderful beach. Travel and vacation in Adrasan, Turkey Here you can find information about travel and holiday trips to Turkey. You will find travel deals as well as general travel information, guides, “good to know” and facts about Turkey. We try to find the best travel video about the city and its surroundings and we write about...


Aksaray Travel Wiki Travel to Aksaray Aksaray with its population of 170.000 is situated in central Anatolia and was in ancient times an important station on the Silk Road. Travel and vacation in Aksaray, Turkey Here you can find information about travel and holiday trips to Turkey. You will find travel deals as well as general travel information, guides, “good to know” and facts about Turkey. We try to find the best travel video about the city and its surroundings and we write...


Akyarlar Travel Wiki Travel to Akyarlar You’ll find Akyarlar on the southwestern corner of the Bodrum Peninsula in Turkey. It isn’t always a top destination priority for travelers, which could make it the perfect opportunity to explore the culture of the region in an authentic way. The city is on the shores of an isolated bay, giving you a view of Kos when the skies are clear. You’ll find several cafés and restaurants to enjoy along the waterfront and opportunities to relax...


Alanya Travel Wiki Travel to Alanya Located on the southern coast of Turkey, the city of Alanya is located on an extremely strategic position in the Mediterranean Sea. Because it was built on a small peninsula, every major empire throughout the history of the region has laid some sort of claim to the area. The city moved from strategic to political importance in the Middle Ages, however, and this is when many of the city's landmarks were built. With plenty of...


Altinkum Travel Wiki Travel to Altinkum Turkey has many beautiful resorts along the Aegean coast. Altinkum is one such small resort town on the shores of the Aegean Sea; it is only 90 minutes transfer from Bodrum Airport. The town has got its name after the golden sand on its beaches. Altinkum means “golden sands”. The magnificent beaches of golden sand gently shelving into the shimmering turquoise blue water of the Aegean Sea is an enchanting sight. Altinkum resort has three...

Ankara, capital of Turkey

Ankara Travel Wiki Travel to Ankara Ankara is the capital of Turkey, and as such, there are plenty of iconic buildings and landmarks that will get your attention from the moment you visit. Spires can be seen from the air as your plane flies in that will tempt you to visit each building, and if you’re driving in, you’ll be able to see the modern business center and want to enjoy the modern amenities of life. There are plenty of archaeological sites...


Antalya Travel Wiki Travel to Antalya Located on the southwestern coast of Turkey, Antalya is easily the largest international resort community in the country. It's one of the most visited cities in the world based on international arrivals, ranking behind just Paris and London. Blessed with warm weather all year round, the city’s many beaches, lined with tall, shady palm trees, are one of the biggest reasons to book flights to Antalya. The city itself is a real treat to explore...


Bandirma Travel Wiki Travel to Bandirma Bandirma with its 140.000 is a coastal city in northwestern Turkey situated at the Sea of Marmara. Travel and vacation in Bandirma, Turkey Here you can find information about travel and holiday trips to Turkey. You will find travel deals as well as general travel information, guides, “good to know” and facts about Turkey. We try to find the best travel video about the city and its surroundings and we write about the best sights, shopping and things to do. You...


Bodrum Travel Wiki Travel to Bodrum Home to one of the ancient seven wonders of the ancient world that you can still explore today, the city of Bodrum was historically known as the Halicarnassus of Caria. Bodrum Castle, or the Castle of St. Peter, which was originally built by the Crusaders in the 15th century, overlooks the harbor and marina of the city and also now includes a museum that focuses on underwater archaeology. Colonized initially around the 7th century BC, the town...


Bursa Travel Wiki Travel to Bursa Located in the Marmara region, not far from Istanbul, Bursa brings the culture of Turkey to the adventurer in several different ways. Several mosque complexes, including Ulu Cami, are landmarks of early Ottoman architecture. You’ll find Seljuk influences at many of the sites as well. Inside Ulu Cami, you’ll find almost 200 wall inscriptions that were written by famous calligraphers during that period. As with most Turkish destinations, a stop at the local bazaar is always a...


Cesme Travel Wiki Travel to Cesme Located on the Karaburun Peninsula, Cesme sits right on the sea in Turkey's Aegean Region and is a popular destination for a holiday of any length. The name literally means “fountain” and there are a number of Ottoman fountains to see that are scattered about the city. If you're planning a stop to this city that has been associated with Homer and the Trojan War, then you're likely planning to enjoy the lengthy beach space...


Dalaman Travel Wiki Travel to Dalaman Dalaman is the place to be on Turkey’s south-western coast and it’s no surprise really given the beautiful turquoise waters and year-round fantastic mediterranean weather. It has long been referred to as ‘The Turquoise Coast’, so if a beach holiday is what you’re looking for, it’s the ideal destination. Dalaman is one of those destinations that has it all, from its amazing coastline to its rich culture and history, there is something for everyone to enjoy,...


Denizli Travel Wiki Travel to Denizli Denizli may be a Turkish industrial center, but is also provides vistiors with stunning attractions and natural wonders to enjoy. Just outside the city is Pamukkale, a world heritage site that features the stunning white travertine terraces and hot springs. Spa hotels are available in Karahayit, just north of the historical site. When staying in Denizli, you’ll have access to several ruins that are worth exploring as well. Heirapolis, Laodicea, and Phyrgia are all an easy...


Edirne Travel Wiki Travel to Edirne Situated close to borders with Bulgaria and Greece, Edirne is an epic Turkish adventure that is just waiting for you to enjoy. Founded in antiquity by the Greeks, more than a dozen major conflicts have occurred at this gateway city. Some historians have even labeled the city as the most contested spot on the planet. Because of its unique and highly desirable location, Edirne has developed a local culture that is truly unique.  It is most...


Fethiye Travel Wiki Travel to Fethiye Fethiye is located in the Aegion region of Turkey and is built on the site of ancient Telmessos. The area itself has been influential within the area since the 5th century BC and there are many Hellenistic ruins that can be seen when you visit this city. Legend has it that Alexander the Great was able to capture this city because he asked to be able to entertain the king, but his warriors hid weapons...


Gaziantep Travel Wiki Travel to Gaziantep Gaziantep, which many know as just Antep, is located in the southeastern portion of Turkey and is one of the oldest cities in the world that is still currently inhabited. The founding of this city goes back all the way to the Hittites and their empire was at its peak around the 14th century BC. The central landmark of the city, the Gaziantep Fortress and Ravanda citadel, where actually restored by the Byzantines in the 6th century....


Göreme Travel Wiki Travel to Göreme Located in the Cappadocia region of Turkey, Goreme is an outdoor paradise. Although the town itself is quite small, this world heritage site is the gateway to Goreme National Park. First settled as early as the 19th century BC, this is a land of spectacular landscapes that have been sculpted by erosion alone. Within the sanctuaries that have been carved into the rocks, you can find evidence of art from the Byzantine period. Dwellings, villages, and...


Icmeler Travel Wiki Travel to Icmeler Icmeler in Turkey is a beautiful place situated about 8 km from the coast of Marmaris. where authenticity and modernization blends together. Icmeler is situated by two seas, the Mediterranean Sea and Aegean Sea. Icmeler is a charming place to visit and Icmeler and its surrounding beauty can be enjoyed with jeep safaris, boat trips. The beaches here are outstanding. The major attractions in Icmeler are the innocent villages with deep clean and long beaches. The...


Iskenderun Travel Wiki Travel to Iskenderun Iskenderun was historically known as Alexandretta, initially named after Alexander the Great. Even its current name is an Ottoman Turkish derivative of the name. Located on the southern coast, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, it is a city that offers an authentic experience to the visitor with a resort-style atmosphere. One of the main sights in the city is Bakras Castle, which was built in antiquity. Restoration efforts were completed during the period of the Crusades,...

Travel resources

Below you can find usefull travel resources for your visit to the country

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Biggest City Turkey

Facts about Turkey, Biggest city What are the name of the biggest city Turkey, and how big are city by population. Easy overview of the informations in the sortable table below. Please note that the informations comes from various sources,if you are using the informations professional you should get confirmation that the figures are actual. Last update august 2017

Food Turkey, Local Dishes

Turkey has an interesting local kitchen. Below you can see some of the local dishes you maybe would like to try during a vacation. One of the things you should try when travelling around the world is absolutely the local food. Generally you should be able to eat exactly the same as the locals - off course, if the streets are littered with dead bodies, then maybe it is worth to think twice before ordering some local food. Turkish food is...

Money Turkey, Local Currency, Lira

Money in Turkey (notes and coins) Turkeys legal tender is called Lira (TRY). 1 Lira = 100 kurus. Coins in circulation: 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 kurus coins ₺1 Notes in circulation: ₺5, ₺10, ₺20, ₺50, ₺100, ₺200 Lira notes. Turkish National Bank

National Tourist Information Turkey

Traveladvisor in Turkey: Are you going on a vacation you can get lots of free and professional help, traveladvice and information from the National Tourism Organisation. Discover the country and the cities getting the most out of your vacation with the professional help from the people who knows their country and their culture the best. Turkey Tourism Authority United States of America 5055 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 850, CA 90036, Los Angeles, (+1 323 9378066) 821 United Nations Plaza, N.Y.10017, New York, (+1 212 6872194) Massachusetts...

Turkey Holidays

Turkey Public Holidays See the calendars for national Turkey holidays year by year. Find and just click on the year you for which you need more information about Turkey holidays, and the calendar for the year will open. When is the non working days for the year. Public / national days, see the calendar for the country here.

Turkish culture and family

The mix of cultural influences and traditions in Turkey is one of the things that draw tourists to the country. Turkey has a rich cultural heritage with a long history of influences from both Europe and Asia, which is reflected in the complexity and diversity of certain Turkish arts, language and handicrafts. Turks are proud of their centuries-old musical tradition, which is similar to the music of nearby Islamic regions such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, and northern India. A...

VR City tour in Istanbul

What to see in Istanbul, Turkey ? The magical meeting place of East and West, Istanbul bridges Asia and Europe both physically and culturally. Once known as Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine and then the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul has for centuries been a bustling metropolis with one foot in Europe and the other in Asia. A Travelers Report From Istanbul Istanbul, situated along the shores of the Bosphorus Strait, is the only city in the world bridging two continents, Europe and Asia;...

Why you should visit Istanbul

Why Visit Istanbul ? Istanbul the best known city in Turkey is without doubt Europe’s most exotic city, and is the ideal place to escape to for a weekend city break, or a romantic weekend getaway. Istanbul may be in Europe, but it has the greatest Mosque you may ever see. It is split by huge expanses of the Bosphorus where Asia and Europe meet, and it isn’t expensive so is ideal for a cheap getaway. It is important to see all...

Why you should visit Turkey

Why Visit Turkey ? Straddling Europe and Asia, Turkey was the junction between civilisations, crucial in the development of history itself since biblical times; Anatolia has played a major part in the history of civilisation. Turkey has been a pinnacle of civilization and culture for centuries, and it continues to invite visitors from all over the world to immerse themselves in the beauty of this historic nation. Come explore ancient ruins and villages and learn about Turkey’s auspicious past as a...

Official holidays

When are holidays and no working days in the country ?

January 1New Year's Day
April 23National Sovereignty and Children's Day
May 1Labour Day
May 19Commemoration of Atatürk
July 15Democracy and National Unity Day
August 30Victory Day
October 29Republic Day
VariableRamadan Feast
VariableSacrifice Feast

Which are the largest cities ?

Listing of the most important and largest cities in the country