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Poland Travel Wiki
Travel to Poland
The top search results for visiting Poland actually provide you with reasons why you should avoid this nation.
Don’t listen to that negative advice.
Poland is an incredible nation that offers something more than just an urban center or a market square to explore. Deep river gorges offer guided tours with incredible views. There are numerous palaces and castles with incredible interiors that date back to the 14th century in some areas. Water sports, hiking, and adventure are everywhere to be found.
It is true that one could easily describe Poland’s history as complicated. This nation has often been conquered by invaders and it has seen more than its fair share of atrocities. Yet throughout all of these experiences, there is one thing that cannot be denied: the resilience of the Polish people. There are 22 national parks to explore, from the beaches to the mountains, and the plurality of the culture makes it Europe’s melting pot.
If you want to find yourself, Poland is the place to be. You can go mushroom hunting, take a ride on a narrow-gauge train, and enjoy the trappings of modern nightlife all in the same day. Poland even offers you the chance to spend your holiday on a farm, milking cows and riding horses, so you can experience what the slow life is like if you prefer.
Poland is all about getting back to the basics of life. If you’ve lost your smile, then pick a city in this nation and plan your holiday today. You’ll find that smile is shining brightly in your reflection not long after.
Best of Poland
What makes Poland stand out as a destination is its resilience and personal pride. There is a level of independence found here that is refreshing and inviting. This attitude also provides the foundation for the vibrancy and culture found in many of the country’s top sites.
If you are thinking about a tour of Poland, here are some of the best options to consider adding to your itinerary.
#1. Wawel Castle
Initially built in the 13th century, this Gothic castle is the home of some of Poland’s rarest artifacts. Here you will be able to find a preserved piece of the Polish royal crown. The stunning Szczerbiec coronation sword is here as well. You’ll find extensive grounds to explore, plenty of open space, and an inviting atmosphere.
Poland provides powerful experiences to those who love to wander. It has also seen some of the world’s greatest tragedies. One of its most humbling and emotional sites is the infamous Nazi concentration camp located near Oswiecim. More than 25 million people come here each here to pay homage to the many who suffered here. Yet, with each footstep taken, one can still hear echoes of hope.
#3. Slowinski Sand Dunes
Located within a national park in the north, these sand dunes are located just off the coast of the Baltic Sea. There’s an open-air museum within the park to enjoy as well, filled with artifacts from the Slovincians that once called the area their home. During the windy season, some of the sand dunes can reach heights of 30m or more.
#4. Malbork Castle
Founded in the 13th century by the Teutonic Knights, this castle served as their headquarters as they ruled their Baltic territory. Over the next 200 years, the castle complex would be expanded several times to help host the growing ranks of knights that joined the order. Today, you will find this complex to be a well-preserved testament to the history of the region.
#5. Wieliczka Salt Mine
Located just outside of Krakow, the company operating the salt mine has been operating continuously since the 13th century. It may be one of the oldest companies still in operation in the world today. There is a complete underground city within the complex with everything carved from rock salt, including a chapel.
Old Town Gdansk is one of the most beautiful streets you will ever get the chance to explore. With cobblestone streets, pedestrian-only areas, and colorful buildings that stretch up tall to the sky, there are mills, churches, and granaries which date to at least the 17th century. You’ll find plenty of cafés, coffee shops, and boutiques to explore, so be sure to bring a comfortable pair of shoes.
#7. Krakow’s Main Market Square
With some elements dating to the 13th century, this is the largest Medieval town square in Europe. The center of the square is dominated by Cloth Hall, which was rebuilt in the 1t6th century.
Poland is a country which is filled with many opportunities to go exploring. Enjoy these options, as well as those specific to your destination, and you will have a wonderful experience.
On a trip to Poland you for sure will stumble upon some names again and again, here you can see a short description about some of these names, famous poles.
John Paul II (1920-2005)
Probably the most famous Pole ever, Pope John Paul II was born Karol Jozef Wojtyla in Wadowice. By being elected pope by the Catholic Church in 1978, he became the first non-Italian pope in 455 years.
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)
A Renaissance astronomer and the first European to contend that it is the Sun, not the Earth, that is at the centre of the Solar System.
Maria Skłodowska-Curie (1867-1934)
Famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. To this day she remains the only woman who received two Nobel Prizes, and the only scientist in history to be awarded two Nobel Prizes in two different fields of study.
Lech Walesa (Born 1943)
Shaped the end of the 20th century as the leader of the Solidarity movement that led Poland out of communism. Walesa’s contribution to the end of communism in Europe, and hence the end of the cold war.
Roman Polański (Born 1953)
Film director, producer, writer and actor. He is best known for his “Rosemary’s Baby” (1968), “Chinatown” (1974), “Tess” (1979) and “The Pianist” (2002), for which he was awarded an Oscar.
Adam Małysz (Born 1977)
Ski jumper who has won 38 World Cup competitions and as one of only two men ever won the overall World Cup four times. Has more titles in World Championships than any other ski jumper in the world.
Zbigniew Boniek (Born 1956)
One of the most talented Polish footballers, debuting on the Polish national team at the age of 20, an effective goal scorer (24 goals in 80 matches), has played for Italian football teams such as Juventus Torino and AS Roma, and since then has settled permanently in Italy.
Robert Lewandowski (Born 1988)
Polish footballer who plays for German Bundesliga club Bayern Munich and the Poland national football team as a striker. He joined Dortmund in 2010 and is renowned for his excellent play in Champions League 2013.
Adam Mickiewicz (1798 – 1855)
As a poet Mickiewicz first gained attention with his “Ballads and Romances”. This collection of poems opened the romantic era in Polish literature.
Fryderyk Chopin (1810-1849)
Best known Polish composer and virtuoso pianist, one of the great masters of Romantic music who was called “the poet of the piano”.
A Central European country right on the border with Germany and Eastern Europe, Poland has a rich history, proud culture, and stunning geography all its own. The unique combination of Slavic and German influences result in a vibrant culture, with local artistic and culinary traditions like none other. From the Baltic coastline to the forests of the interior, Poland has plenty of natural beauty to explore. Historic cities like Krakow and Lodz house stunning castles and cathedrals, perfect for any lover of medieval architecture.
The capital city, Warsaw, is a huge, 800-year-old metropolis, called the ‘Phoenix City’ because it has sprung back and continued to grow after each conflict. Krakow, the former capital, is traversed by the picturesque Vistula River, and has been a cultural center for over a millennium. Lodz, full of beautiful parks and palaces, is another top destination for those looking to immerse themselves in Polish culture. Poznan, another river city, was founded on islands for protection, making it a unique city for visitors and residents alike. There are plenty of ways to explore on your Poland vacation.
Warsaw, the capital, is one of central Europe’s greatest cities. The city is filled with palaces and churches, many rebuilt after the city’s near-total destruction in World War II. From prime examples of Gothic architecture, especially St. John’s Cathedral and the majestic Royal Castle. Nearly all of Europe’s architectural styles are housed in the city, making it a great place to learn about the progression of Western Art. The city also houses multiple parks and gardens, with 25% of the city covered in green space. Cultural gatherings like Wianki, a festival on the river with roots in pagan times. Warsaw also has numerous jazz clubs for those interested in live music.
Poland’s culinary culture is completely unique, and if you’re visiting, there are several dishes you don’t want to miss. Bigos, a hunter’s stew made of meat and cabbage, is a popular and delectable dish. Like most central European nations, Poland has many local soups, ranging from rye to tripe, and all are worth trying; while potato pancakes are also a local specialty that should be missed.
Poland’s geography is home to a wide array of natural environments, ranging from the coast to mountain ranges. Skiing, both downhill and cross-country, is the most popular winter activity, and mountain lodges house travelers as they trek across mountain ranges. The Karkonosze range, shared with the Czech Republic, is home to unique rock formations that make it an ideal destination for climbers.
Poland is dotted with UNESCO World Heritage Sites, recognized for both historic buildings and pristine ecosystems. Visitors flock to Bialowieza forest, one of Europe’s last reminders of an ancient primeval forest that once covered the continent. The forest is home to a wide variety of endemic species, including European bison. Castles, including one built by the Knights Templar, also command the attention of visitors from around the world. Whether you’re looking for the quiet of nature or the proud reminders of one of Europe’s oldest cultures, Poland delivers.
Below you can find usefull travel resources for your visit to the country
When are holidays and no working days in the country ?
|January 1||New Year's Day|
|May 1||May Day|
|May 3||Constitution Day|
|November 1||All Saints' Day|
|November 11||Independence Day|
|December 26||Second Day of Christmastide|
Which are the largest cities ?
Listing of the most important and largest cities in the country
|44||Jelenia Góra||86.220||Lower Silesian|
|45||Nowy Sącz||84.468||Lesser Poland|
|54||Ostrów Wielkopolski||72.360||Greater Poland|
|56||Stargard Szczeciński||70.217||West Pomeranian|