Between North America and South America is a small isthmus that separates the world of the Atlantic from the world of the Pacific.
This small isthmus, though associated with North America, is often referred to as the region of Central America.
For numerous centuries, Central America was inhabited by great indigenous empires. One can still find the ruins of their great cities and their towering temples scattered across the landscapes of this region. Tikal, in Guatemala, and Tazumal, in El Salvador, are two of the most famous of these ancient locations.
The region is also considered to be a biodiversity hotspot for the planet. Almost 10% of the world’s biodiversity can be found in Central America. One of the most notable aspects of this is called the “Pacific Flyway.” Some bird species have migratory patterns which take them from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. Central America becomes the midway stop, so many species can be seen in great concentrations.
Central America boasts an extensive coastline and a warm, tropical climate with its proximity to the equator. Several resort communities and an extensive level of tourism infrastructure have been created within the region to take advantage of the amazing weather. Many communities receive 300 or more days of sunshine every year.
You can explore jungle trails. You can take guided tours of ancient ruins. You can relax on the beach, cocktail in hand, as gentle waves come ashore. In Central America, one thing is for certain: almost everyone is left wanting to stay a little more.
Below you find a list of countries belonging to the region known as Central America.