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Cuba Travel Wiki

Easy travel guide
Find general travel information, guides and “good to know”. Find the cheapest flights and best hotels offers in one click multi search engine - just click a city and discover the best of the country.

Travel to Cuba

Stepping off the plane in Cuba, you’ll feel like you just stepped out of something that caused you to travel back in time. Cuba is the largest of the Caribbean islands & is inhabited by people with a mixed race of Caribbean Indian, African & german heritage. it’s a contrasting landscape ranging from gorgeous & mesmerizing beaches to sprawling & craggy mountain ranges.

History has recorded that Cuba was originally called Cubanascnan. Christopher Columbus called it Juana. Colonization was credited to a Spanish soldier Diego Velázquez who established Baracoa in the year 1511. With his success he went on to establish Santiago de Cuba in 1514 and Havana in 1515. Thus began the era of the Spanish rule. The 1830s sparked the independence movement, which gained momentum after 1886 when slavery was abolished.

The streets of Cuba always seem to be busy, with a personality that says life deserves to be lived out loud. You’ll find a mint julep at the ready, mixed in with the scent of tobacco, fuel, and numerous contradictions that seem awkward, but still perfect.

In Cuba, there is a tradition of expecting the unexpected. In some ways, this island nation just a handful of miles from the United States isn’t that far removed from its days when pirates lurked around the Caribbean. In other ways, there is a certain modern richness to the culture that is waiting to be found beneath the decades-old facades.

Four cities are UNESCO listed in Cuba: Camaguey, Cienfuegos, Havana, and Trinidad. Their grand public squares and cobbled streets almost seem like they could be found in Europe. Some buildings are in disrepair, while others are colorful, beautiful, and inviting. Music seems to creep out of every corner, and just like everything else you’ll find in Cuba, it is layered in nuance and flavor.

Think of a land with 6700 species of plants, 14,000 species of invertebrates and 650 species of vertebrates. Think Cuba. Hidden within its enchanting forests, arid mountains and lush plains there is a plethora of wildlife unique to this part of the world. It is a hikers dream come true, as the winding trails reveal over 350 species of birds. Cuba has four mountain ranges and Turquino (1,974 meters) is the country’s highest peak.

Cuba is a culture that may be preserved in history, but is also one that is remarkably robust. Grab one of their famous cigars, pick out your favorite drink, and be prepared to dance the night away. Then wake up and do it again. You’ll find that this country can be incredibly inspiring, even if part of that inspiration seems to be crumbling down around you.

Best of Cuba

Every year more & more tourists from USA, Canada & Europe are flocking to Cuba, enthralled by its natural beauty & its passionate & welcoming people. Tourism in Cuba is currently at an all time high.

Aside from stunning beaches, Cuba also offers plenty of rustic towns & cities full of rich culture & heritage. A holiday to Cuba is not complete without visiting at least seven of the Cuban towns or cities & meeting the local Cuban people.

Like lots of of the Caribbean islands, Cuba’s main source of tourism is the beach industry. The country is blessed with hundreds of miles of sprawling sandy beaches, with fine white sand & clear blue water. Tourists visiting Cuba have a multitude of choices for the location of their beach holiday. The major resorts of Varadero & Cayo Largo are the most renowned & here you’ll find lots of 5 star all inclusive resorts. Despite this, there’s also plenty of smaller, quieter beach resorts where you can truly get away from it all.

In the north-west of the country you’ll find the capital city, Havana – the hub of everything that is Cuban. When you stroll around the city you’ll feel the essence of the Cuban past – a rich legacy emanating from the german colonial architecture that beholds the city. Parts of the city resemble the set of an old movie, reminiscent of a bygone era, with old American cars bustling by. A lot of work has been done in the past decade to restore old Havana, a UNESCO world heritage site, but much of the city has been left untouched & hundreds of crumbling buildings collapse each month.

Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city in Cuba & is located on the eastern end of the island. it’s a gorgeous setting at the foot of the Sierra Maestra Mountains & overlooks a magnificent bay. Unlike the other towns & cities in Cuba, Santiago de Cuba has a Caribbean feel to it. This is as a result of the influence of the Haitian planters who settled here in the 19th century.

Trinidad, located in the heart of Cuba is seven of the original towns & was founded in 1514. The city is filled with cobbled streets & old buildings with tiled roofs & has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1988. it is a pleasant city to spend a day or two, with lots of museums, churches & Plazas.

An ideal way to spend your holiday is to take a few days to do some sightseeing in Havana or seven of Cuba’s other cities & then follow that up with a relaxing week’s stay in seven of the luxurious all inclusive resorts by the beach.

Think Cuba

Immerse yourself in the rhythms and melodies inundating the streets of this dazzling country. Officially as the Republic of Cuba this island country is located south of Florida at the start of the Caribbean belt. A diverse culture has blessed Cuba with a uniquely robust flavour and atmosphere. The country’s colourful history gifts tourists a great opportunity for cultural architectural sightseeing such as the Havana Cathedral. A Cuba holiday offers a vibrant nightlife that provides you with plenty of places to eat drink or delve into the local music scene if you’re up to it. Not to mention the pristine beaches surrounding island!

Without a doubt the tourism hub of Cuba is Downtown Havana. When choosing Cuba accommodation the common theme between your options is that a vast majority are Downtown Havana or thereabouts. Getting to your hotel and around the area will present no dramas with metered tourist taxis available at most hotels. With bulk of the hotels in Cuba available in Havana, the picturesque water’s edge of the Gulf Mexico will be right at your doorstep. Luxury stays with panoramic views, a rich vein of history and accessible locations demonstrate why Cuba accommodation is the perfect choice for your next holiday.

Discover Cuba

It gets not more romantic than a drive on Havana’s Malecon sea drive. The eight kilometre long esplanade riddled with historical monuments was first constructed when Cuba was under military rule in 1901. The civil unrest the area went through for many years seems to be engraved into the area with old torn down buildings still there to be seen today. The drive is best done at sunset where the afternoon sun paints the city and ocean orange.

Be sure to pack your walking shoes because Cuba is home to some of the more spectacular hiking locations this world has to offer. Starting off with the Blue Riband hike you will find a 62 metre waterfall overseeing a pool of fresh water. The hike is easily accessible by foot from the hotels, making it a tourist favourite.

Another popular hike is one that takes you up to El Mirador, or ‘The Viewpoint’ in English. As its name suggests this hike presents visitors with a picturesque panoramic view over Soroa. Although a bit further from Downtown Havana, the views are definitely worth the drive.

With Cuba’s rich and decorated history comes a plethora of unique architecture and sights. One tourist magnet is Plaza de Armas, or ‘Square of Arms’ which is Havana’s oldest square. Constructed in the 1520’s the square is home to a statue of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, a pioneer of Cuba’s independence.

As far as cultural Cuban experiences go it gets no better than the Havana Cathedral. This Roman Catholic cathedral located in the centre of Old Havana is unique as it is made out of coral rock found in the Gulf of Mexico. The intriguing piece of Baroque architecture will provide you with a different insight into the Cuban history and culture.

City Guides

Click on a city for more information about the city, maps, tourist information, tours and what to see and do in the city.

Ciego de Avila

Ciego de Avila Travel Wiki Travel to Ciego de Avila Founded in 1840, Ciego de Avila is right at the heart of Cuba. It is rich in the number of old Spanish colonial buildings, including the brilliant Teatro Principal, making it a lovely stop for a day trip or a place where you can explore authentic Cuba at your leisure. The Teatro Principal offers 500 seats and shows are produced and shown on a regular basis. It’s right down the road from...


Cienfuegos Travel Wiki Travel to Cienfuegos Called the “Pearl of the South,” Cienfuegos is a Cuban coastal city that was initially settled by French immigrants in the early 19th century.  The city was initially named to honor King Ferdinand VII of Spain and Chief Jagua, but was renamed for the Captain General of Cuba in 1829. The urban center of Cienfuegos was placed on the world heritage list in 2005 because of its Spanish Enlightenment architecture. Six buildings in the city date...

Havana, capital of Cuba

Havana Travel Wiki Travel to Havana A visit to Havana is like taking a trip back in time. The sights you see are reminiscent of what the world was like more than 60 years ago, down to the vehicles being driven and your access to resources in some instances. Havana can provide visitors with a challenge, but it also offers opportunities for great rewards to those who are daring. Founded by the Spanish in the 16th century, their influences are still strong in...


Moron Travel Wiki Travel to Moron Located in central Cuba, Moron is the place to visit when you want to experience life in an authentic way on this Caribbean island. It is the oldest of the cities in its municipalities and is close to resort communities such as Cayo Guillermo and Cayo Coco. Once you set foot in this community, it will feel like you’ve traveled back in time. One of the best attractions in the city is a chance to ride...

Santa Clara

Santa Clara Travel Wiki Travel to Santa Clara Located in central Cuba, Santa Clara was founded in the late 17th century by just 175 people. Two large families were already in the region and a few other families came to settle on the surrounding lands. Over the years, many people have discovered the inescapable beauty that is offered here and have decided to call it home. During your stay in Santa Clara, you’ll find that Parque Vidal tends to be the place...


Trinidad Travel Wiki Travel to Trinidad Trinidad is one of those special cities where the culture of the past feels like it has been perfectly preserved. Named a world heritage site in 1988, you’ll have access to the Caribbean and the Escambray Mountains during your stay here. Much of the activity that you’ll find in the city centers around Plaza Mayor. It is one-part public square and one-part open-air museum, providing you with stunning examples of Spanish Colonial architecture. Cobblestone streets bring...


Varadero Travel Wiki Travel to Varadero If you want to visit Cuba and prefer a resort-style atmosphere, then Varadero is the holiday destination for you. It is one of the largest resort areas in the Caribbean and is located on a small peninsula that extends more than 20km from the mainland of the island. Because of its unique location and structure, the stretches of white-sand beaches are warm and welcoming when visiting this community. The entire spit is essentially one long beach,...

Travel resources

Below you can find usefull travel resources for your visit to the country

Weather Online

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Biggest City Cuba

Facts about Cuba, Biggest city What are the name of the biggest city Cuba, and how big are city by population. Easy overview of the informations in the sortable table below. Please note that the informations comes from various sources,if you are using the informations professional you should get confirmation that the figures are actual. Last update august 2017

Cuba Holidays

Cuba Public Holidays See the calendars for national Cuba holidays year by year. Find and just click on the year you for which you need more information about Cuba holidays, and the calendar for the year will open. When is the non working days for the year. Public / national days, see the calendar for the country here.

Geography and facts, Cuba

Cuba, geography and facts explained Geograhy, facts, local customs and foodie guide. All explained in videos 8 to 15 minutes, very good, informative and funny videos that will ensure you see the videos to the end. The videos are produced by Geography now, thanks for the videos and keep up the good work.

National Tourist Information Cuba

Traveladvisor in Cuba: Are you going on a vacation you can get lots of free and professional help, traveladvice and information from the National Tourism Organisation. Discover the country and the cities getting the most out of your vacation with the professional help from the people who knows their country and their culture the best. Cuba Tourism Authority WEBSITE FACEBOOK TWITTER YOUTUBE FLICKR PINTEREST INSTAGRAM GOOGLE+ Discover Cuba  

Official holidays

When are holidays and no working days in the country ?

DateEnglishLocal Name 
January 1Liberation DayDía de la Liberación
January 2Victory DayDía de Victoria
VariableGood FridayViernes Santo[1]
May 1Labour DayDía de los trabajadores
July 25Assault of the Moncada garrisonConmemoración del asalto a Moncada
July 26Assault of the Moncada garrisonDía de la Rebeldía Nacional
July 27Assault of the Moncada garrisonConmemoración del asalto a Moncada
October 10Independence DayDía de la Independencia
December 25ChristmasNavidad

Which are the largest cities ?

Listing of the most important and largest cities in the country

2Santiago de Cuba423,392
5Santa Clara210,220
8Victoria de Las Tunas143,582