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The main thing to know about the region of Northern Africa is that there is no formalized collective agreement about which nations actually belong to it.

Most definitions include the nations which border the Mediterranean Sea. Some may include the desert nations of the Sahara as well.

For most definitions, Northern Africa stretches from Morocco to the Red Sea and the Suez Canal.

Because of the natural barrier the Sahara Desert provides the African continent, the cultures of Northern Africa developed very differently than those found in the sub-Saharan region. The people in the north became affiliated with the European cultural dynasties of Greece and Rome. Migration and communication were frequent.

Rome even had an emperor born in what would be present-day Libya: Septimius Severus.

There is also a distinctive religious presence found in Northern Africa. These cultures make appearances in the major religions of the world. It is a region that is also a major part of the Muslim world.

Not only do visitors benefit from the coastal climates of the Mediterranean, but there are numerous opportunities to explore historical sites. Ruins from the Greeks, Romans, and early Islamic settlers all make for fascinating tours. Like many regions of Africa, there are political considerations that must be taken into account when planning a trip to this region, but careful planning can create a very rewarding experience.

From bustling markets to lonely stretches of beach, Northern Africa has everything one could ever want. Its unique cultural identity makes it a fascinating region to visit.

Below you find a list of countries belonging to the region known as Northern Africa.

Northern Africa A - Z

Countries in North Africa

Algeria

Bordering Tunisia in the northwest and in the west by Morocco, Algeria’s landscape comprises a large portion of the Sahara Desert and endless stretches of coastline. Algeria has a great variety of beaches to explore, each with their own distinctive features and attractions. The Turquoise Coast is a favourite amongst tourists new to holidaying in Algeria, as it not only has beautiful stretches of sand but offers visitors the opportunity to enjoy a range of water sports and boat cruises at their leisure. Algeria’s coast is also home to many natural harbours residing by the Mediterranean Sea.

Algiers

Located on the west side of the Bay of Algiers, the capital city has been a port since Roman times and many impressive ruins can still be found. The Kasbah of Algiers, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the citadel and traditional quarter of the city and the place to head for, quite literally, losing yourself for the day. The area is made up of a labyrinth of lanes and a network of dead-end alleys flanked by picturesque houses. Fear not, once you have experienced enough of the souks and hidden gems the citadel has to offer, head downhill where the sea can be found. Outside of the Kasbah, explore the Notre Dame d’Afrique, accessible by cable car, the Jardin d’essai, exotic plants and gardens extending over 198 acres and the Riadh El-Feth, a shopping centre and art gallery.

Africa continent