The main thing to know about the region of Northern Africa is that there is no formalized collective agreement about which nations actually belong to it.
Most definitions include the nations which border the Mediterranean Sea. Some may include the desert nations of the Sahara as well.
For most definitions, Northern Africa stretches from Morocco to the Red Sea and the Suez Canal.
Because of the natural barrier the Sahara Desert provides the African continent, the cultures of Northern Africa developed very differently than those found in the sub-Saharan region. The people in the north became affiliated with the European cultural dynasties of Greece and Rome. Migration and communication were frequent.
Rome even had an emperor born in what would be present-day Libya: Septimius Severus.
There is also a distinctive religious presence found in Northern Africa. These cultures make appearances in the major religions of the world. It is a region that is also a major part of the Muslim world.
Not only do visitors benefit from the coastal climates of the Mediterranean, but there are numerous opportunities to explore historical sites. Ruins from the Greeks, Romans, and early Islamic settlers all make for fascinating tours. Like many regions of Africa, there are political considerations that must be taken into account when planning a trip to this region, but careful planning can create a very rewarding experience.
From bustling markets to lonely stretches of beach, Northern Africa has everything one could ever want. Its unique cultural identity makes it a fascinating region to visit.
Below you find a list of countries belonging to the region known as Northern Africa.
Northern Africa A - Z
THE BIG NATIONAL PARKS IN NORTHERN AFRICA